Action Plan

All individuals with asthma should have an asthma action plan. An asthma action plan (also called a management plan) is a written plan that you develop with your healthcare provider to help control your asthma.

The action plan gives specific instructions on daily treatment (medications and schedule), tracks peak flow measurements, symptoms, lists of triggers and steps to avoid them, what to do during an asthma attack, and when to call your healthcare provider or go to the emergency room.

If you have a child with asthma, all of the people that care for him or her should have a copy of the asthma action plan.

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute encourages patients' adherence to the written asthma action plan:

  • Choose treatment that achieves outcomes and addresses preferences that are important to the patient, and remind patients that adherence will help them achieve the outcomes they want.
  • Review with the patient at each visit the success of the treatment plan in achieving asthma control and make adjustments as needed.
  • Review patients' concerns about their asthma or treatment at every visit. Inquire about any difficulties encountered in adhering to the written asthma action plan.
  • Assess the patient's and family's levels of social support, and encourage family involvement.
  • Tailor the self-management approach to the needs and literacy levels of the patient, and maintain sensitivity to cultural beliefs and ethnocultural practices.
  • Observe skills for self-management, for example, inhaler technique, use of a valved holding chamber or spacer, and self-monitoring.

Asthma Action Plans

Page last updated: October 5, 2017