Hepatitis means "inflammation of the liver," and also refers to a group of viral infections that affect the liver. The most common types are hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Hepatitis D and hepatitis E are less common in the United States, but are frequently found in other countries.
Viral hepatitis is the leading cause of liver cancer and the most common reason for liver transplantation. An estimated 4.4 million Americans are living with chronic hepatitis; most do not know they are infected. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention offers an online assessment to determine if you are at risk for viral hepatitis.
Hepatitis C is curable. Medications, called antivirals, can be used to treat and cure many people with chronic hepatitis C. A primary care physician can order an anti-HCV antibody blood test to determine if someone has come in contact with hepatitis C.
If you think you are infected with hepatitis C call your primary care physician and request a hepatitis C anti-body test.
For more information on testing and treatment locations, visit the Alabama Coalition for Testing, Interventions, and Engagement in HCV Care (ACTIVE-C).
Hepatitis A, B, C, D and E are all reportable diseases by the Alabama State Board of Health. All healthcare providers and clinical laboratories are required to report "diagnosed" cases and "suspected acute" cases to the State Epidemiology Department using the REPORT Notifiable Disease Card.
Alert: As of August 2018, all healthcare providers and clinical laboratories are required to report acute and chronic lab reports for hepatitis B and C.
Know More Hepatitis
Public health agencies are leading prevention and awareness efforts to inform and improve the health of people with viral hepatitis or at-risk for viral hepatitis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has unveiled the national hepatitis C education campaign, "Know More Hepatitis," which offers an online assessment to gauge your risk of transmission and offers numerous publications to educate you about viral hepatitis.
An estimated 2.3 million people in the U.S. are living with Hepatitis C infection. There are approximately 30,700 people living with Hepatitis C in Alabama. The Alabama Department of Public Health, along with key partners has undertaken a summarized report of the key outcomes of a hepatitis C disease burden model. This analysis was funded by a CDC cooperative agreement with the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has developed an updated National Viral Hepatitis Action Plan that outlines goals and strategies for a broad mix of stakeholders from the public and private sector. The Plan is intended to guide organizations to strengthen a collective response towards Hepatitis B and C elimination.
Page last updated: October 30, 2019