Alabama's Latino population increased by nearly 208% between 1990 and 2000. This was the seventh greatest percentage increase in the Latino population among all 50 states. Alabama's actual Latino population in 2000 (75, 830) exceeded projected totals developed by the U.S. Census Bureau for the year 2025, by nearly 13,000.
The residences of Alabama's Latino population tend to reflect employment opportunities.
- Counties with higher percentages of Latino populations include Franklin (7.4%), Marshall (5.7%), DeKalb (5.6%), Blount (5.3%), Dale (3.3%), Morgan (3.3%), Chilton (2.9%), Bullock (2.7%), Coffee (2.7%), Limestone (2.6%), Cullman (2.2%) and Shelby (2.0%).
- Towns or cities with high percentage of Latino populations include Allgood in Blount County (43.4%), Collinsville in DeKalb and Cherokee counties (23.5%), Blountsville in Blount County (16.2%), Albertville in Marshall County (16.1%), Cleveland in Blount County (15.8%), Oneonta in Blount County (13.2%), Russellville in Franklin County (12.6%), and Fort Payne in DeKalb County (12.2%).
Alabama's Latino population is predominately Mexican. There are also large numbers of Guatemalans, Puerto Ricans, Colombians, Brazilians, Salvadorians, and Panamanians.
The Latino population is young in age. The median age of Alabama's Latino population is 24.9 years compared to 35.8 years for Alabamians and 25.8 years for the national Latino population.
Time spent in the U.S. and the nature of employment, whether stationary or migrant, must be considered in describing individual health concerns.
Health concerns among Latinos include:
- Heart disease
- Liver disease
- HIV Infection
- Perinatal conditions
- Tobacco Usage
Among migrant workers additional health concerns are:
- Urinary tract infection
- Lack of health insurance
Quotes from migrant workers: " We confront illnesses from the chemicals that they apply in the fields. Some suffer from rashes on the body, others head aches, back aches and what is worse we have no health insurance..."
Page last updated: April 17, 2017