Non-Controlled Substances

Alcohol

  • Street Names: wine, beer, liquor, booze
  • Possible Side Effects: Small Amounts: feelings of well-being and relaxation, impaired coordination, slowed reflexes; Large Amounts: intoxication, stupor, slurred speech, unconsciousness; Chronic Heavy Use: liver disorders, poor nutrition, hypertension, heart disease, deficiencies in immune response, brain damage
  • Withdrawal Possible Effects: tremors, irritability, nausea and vomiting, rapid heart rate, anorexia, poor recent memory, hallucinations, seizures, delirium tremens
  • Possible Effects on Breastfeeding: anorexia
  • Effects on Pregnancy and Newborn: vaginal bleeding, abruptio placentae, fetal distress, spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, preterm labor and delivery

Nicotine

  • Street Names: cigarettes, snuff, chewing tobacco
  • Conditions Caused or Aggravated by Smoking: lung and several other forms of cancer, emphysema, heart disease, chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, amblyopic, premature aging of skin
  • Withdrawal Possible Effects: craving, irritability, difficulty, concentrating, sleep disturbances
  • Possible Effects on Breastfeeding: Nicotine: vasoconstriction reduces blood flow to all tissues, stimulation, increased nervousness, blood pressure, and pulse rate. Cigarette smoke: carbon monoxide reduces amount of oxygen to all tissues. 100 different poisons in tobacco smoke.
  • Effects on Pregnancy and Newborn: Higher rates of congenital abnormalities in children born to smokers. Low birth weight: average weight decreased by 7 ounces; increased risk for respiratory difficulties and SIDS

Page last updated: April 11, 2017