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Prevention and Treatment

Protect Yourself and Others

A few simple steps can greatly reduce your chances of being exposed and exposing others to COVID-19, the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2. Everyone should:

  • Practice good hygiene: cover coughs and sneezes, don't touch your face, and wash hands often
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick, even inside your home
  • Maintain a distance of at least 6 feet from others not in your household
  • Use face masks when in public
  • Clean and disinfect frequently used items and touched surfaces often
  • Consider the COVID-19 vaccine

The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to it. Learn more on How to Protect Yourself and Others from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Podcast: Standard Precautions and Beyond

Standard Precautions and Beyond: Conversations in Infection Prevention and Control is a new podcast for the Alabama Regional Center for Infection Prevention and Control Training and Technical Assistance --- a collaborative effort of the ADPH Infectious Disease and Outbreaks Division and the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The podcast, featuring Dr. David Kimberlin, Professor and Co-Director of the UAB Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, is now available on YouTube. Dr. Kimberlin discusses COVID-19 in pediatric patients, how to keep children safe from the Delta variant, and answers questions about COVID-19 vaccines for children.

Faces of COVID: AlexisFaces of COVID

"When I sat down in the chair and talked to the nurse who would administer the COVID-19 vaccine to me, I felt a sense of peace." - Alexis

Watch Her Video | Read Her Story

Previous Faces of COVID stories:

Prevention Resources

General Prevention Tips
Physical Distancing
Hand Hygiene
Cleaning and Disinfecting
Gloves and Face Coverings

Outpatient Treatment

Management of Patients with COVID-19 is based on the severity of the disease. Specific treatments recommended for persons hospitalized with severe illness are not covered below.

Here are some important CDC resources for those with COVID-19 or caring for those with COVID-19:

Download Best Practices for the Therapeutic Management of Non-Hospitalized Adults with COVID-19

Three monoclonal antibody regimens: sotrovimab, bamlanivimab/etesevimab and casirivimab/imdevimab have received emergency use authorization for the outpatient treatment of mild to moderate coronarvirus disease in persons 12 years of age and older, weighing at least 40 kg, having a positive COVID-19 test, and who are at high risk for progressing to severe COVID-19 and/or hospitalization. In addition, casirivimab/imdevimab is approved for post exposure prophylaxis in high-risk persons. The definition of high-risk may vary slightly for each product. These medicines should be given within 10 days of symptom onset or as soon as possible after exposure.

Page last updated: January 18, 2022