Prevention and Treatment

saferathome.gifProtect Yourself and Others

A few simple steps can greatly reduce your chances of being exposed and exposing others to COVID-19, the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2. Everyone should:

  • Practice good hygiene: cover coughs and sneezes, don't touch your face, and wash hands often
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick, even inside your home
  • Maintain a distance of at least 6 feet from others not in your household
  • Use cloth face coverings when in public
  • Clean and disinfect frequently used items and touched surfaces often

The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to it. Learn more on How to Protect Yourself and Others from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).



Holiday Celebrations and Small Gatherings

Unfortunately, the COVID-19 epidemic is worsening, and small household gatherings are an important contributor to the rise in COVID-19 cases. 

This holiday season, consider how your holiday plans can be modified to reduce the spread of COVID-19 and the flu to keep your friends, families, and communities healthy and safe. Avoid activities that are higher risk for spread. Consider fun alternatives that pose lower risk of spreading these contagious respiratory illnesses.


Prevention Resources

Social Distancing

Hand Hygiene

Cleaning and Disinfecting

Gloves and Face Coverings

General Prevention Tips



Risk and Benefits of Everyday Activities

Things to consider before taking part in social activities:

Inside or Out?
Outdoor activities pose less risk than the same activities indoors.

How Many?
The smaller the group size and the larger the space, the lower the risk.

Is It Worth It?
If something doesn't add value but does add risk, reconsider.

Extra Risk?
People with extra risks of serious illness from COVID-19 should aim to limit social interactions as much as they can.



There are no specific outpatient treatments for COVID-19, the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2 at this time. There is ongoing medical research regarding treatment of SARS-CoV-2 and some inpatient treatments for severely ill patients have been helpful. Although most people will recover on their own, you can do some things to help relieve your symptoms, including:

  • Take medications to relieve pain and fever
  • Continue your regular medicines prescribed by your doctor unless instructed otherwise
  • Use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough
  • If you are mildly sick, drink plenty of fluids, stay home, and get plenty of rest

Page last updated: November 18, 2020