Font Size:

Prevention and Treatment

Protect Yourself and Others

A few simple steps can greatly reduce your chances of being exposed and exposing others to COVID-19, the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2. Everyone should:

  • Practice good hygiene: cover coughs and sneezes, don't touch your face, and wash hands often
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick, even inside your home
  • Maintain a distance of at least 6 feet from others not in your household
  • Avoid poorly ventilated spaces and crowds
  • Use face masks when in public if the COVID-19 Community Level is high 
  • Clean and disinfect frequently used items and touched surfaces often
  • Consider the COVID-19 vaccine
  • Follow quarantine and isolation recommendations
  • Monitor your health daily 

The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to it. Learn more on How to Protect Yourself and Others from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Podcast: Standard Precautions and Beyond

Standard Precautions and Beyond: Conversations in Infection Prevention and Control is a new podcast for the Alabama Regional Center for Infection Prevention and Control Training and Technical Assistance, a collaborative effort of the ADPH Infectious Disease and Outbreaks Division and the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Faces of COVID: AlexisFaces of COVID

"When I sat down in the chair and talked to the nurse who would administer the COVID-19 vaccine to me, I felt a sense of peace." - Alexis

Watch Her Video | Read Her Story

Previous Faces of COVID stories: Pippa Abston Video | Story

Prevention Resources

General Prevention Tips
Physical Distancing
Hand Hygiene
Cleaning and Disinfecting
Gloves and Face Coverings

Outpatient Treatment

CDC Health Advisory (April 25, 2022) - Updated Information on Availability and Use of Treatments for Outpatients with Mild to Moderate COVID-19 Who are at Increased Risk for Severe Outcomes of COVID-19

Management of Patients with COVID-19 is based on the severity of the disease. Specific treatments recommended for persons hospitalized with severe illness are not covered below.

Here are some important CDC resources for those with COVID-19 or caring for those with COVID-19:

Download Best Practices for the Therapeutic Management of Non-Hospitalized Adults with COVID-19 UPDATED!

Currently, there are three types of treatments with either emergency use authorization or FDA approval that can be used for the outpatient treatment of COVID-19. These include the monoclonal antibody treatment bebtelovimab, the oral medications molnupiravir and nirmatrelvir/ritonavir (Paxlovid), and the IV medication remdesivir (Veklury). Each of these medications has differing routes of administration, different courses, and different risks and benefits. As these medications may be in short supply, it is very important that you discuss the treatment that is right for your situation with your provider, particularly if you are at high risk of severe disease. However, all treatments work best if delivered as soon as possible after the diagnosis of COVID-19 is made.

Finally, one antibody treatment, tixagevimab/cilgavimab (Evusheld), is available for preexposure prophylaxis for those with moderate to severe immunocompromise.

Test to Treat Sites

After testing positive and seeing a healthcare provider, eligible individuals going to Test to Treat sites can immediately receive a prescription for oral COVID-19 treatment and have that prescription filled – all at one location in a participating site. A Test to Treat lo​c​ato​​r is available to help find participating sites. Learn more at Test to Treat.

Page last updated: June 28, 2022