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African Americans

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  • 26 percent of all Alabamians describe themselves as being Black. This is the sixth highest percentage of a Black population among all 50 states.
  • The African American population decreased by over 19.5% between 2000 and 2010. (1,555,930 in 2000 1,251,311 in 2010)
  • The highest percentage of African Americans reside in the rural south central counties and large cities. African Americans are the largest racial population in the 19 South Alabama counties, referred as the Black Belt Counties (Bullock, Dallas, Greene, Hale, Lowndes, Macon, Marengo, Perry, Sumter, and Wilcox). Over 36% of all African Americans reside in the four largest cities - Birmingham, Mobile, Huntsville, and Montgomery.
  • Largest racial population in Montgomery is 54.7%.
  • Disparity is revealed in most health status indicators for Alabama's African American population. Focusing on health status indicators, such as, life expectancy and infant mortality rate.

Health Concerns

Health concerns involving Alabama's African American population, which were considered serious enough to require the establishing of improvement objectives for the year 2010 include:

  • Life expectancy
  • Motor vehicle fatalities
  • Homicide
  • Infant mortality
  • Adolescent pregnancy
  • Low birth weights
  • Prenatal care
  • Hypertension
  • Renal disease
  • Diabetes
  • HIV infection/AIDS
  • Suicide
  • Gonorrhea
  • Syphilis

Page last updated: May 13, 2021