Multiple Alabama counties experience pertussis outbreak
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Burnestine Taylor, M.D.
The Alabama Department of Public Health’s (ADPH) Immunization Division is currently investigating a pertussis outbreak in Shelby and Jefferson counties. Currently, ADPH has identified 9 children with positive pertussis laboratory results and 22 people with pertussis-like illness (PLI) linked to people who tested positive. Persons with pertussis and PLI attended one or more of facilities and events listed below.
Facilities and Events | County | 2018 Time Frames
- Shades Valley Community Church | Jefferson | June 1-July 15
- YMCA Legacy Day Camp | Jefferson | June 4-June 8
- Church of the Highlands - Grants Mill location | Jefferson | June 27-July 22
- Church of the Highlands – Greystone location | Shelby | June 28-July 19
- YMCA - Greystone | Shelby | July 4-July 14
- Mount Laurel Elementary Summer Singers Camp | Shelby | July 9-July 13
- Mount Laurel Library | Shelby | July 16
- Winshape Camp at Double Oak Community Church | Shelby | July 16-July 20
Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease, which is immediately reportable in Alabama. Pertussis begins with symptoms such as a runny nose, low grade fever, and cough. After a week or two of illness, pertussis progresses to violent coughing, making it difficult for those infected to breathe. After fits of many coughs, people with the illness often need to take deep breaths which result in a "whooping" sound.
The department is asking any person who attended gatherings or events at one or more of the facilities above during the specified time frames listed and has symptoms or develops symptoms by August 8, 2018, to contact your primary physician to be tested and treated, and to complete the ADPH Pertussis Questionnaire, http://j.mp/2ABRYc9. Immunization Division will follow up with those who match with PLI within the time frame.
“Patients should be aware that pertussis is a serious disease that can affect people of all ages. It can even be deadly for babies less than a year old. That is why it is especially important for everyone to be up to date on their pertussis vaccine with DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis) or Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis), which is required for school entry,” said Dr. Burnestine Taylor, Medical Director for Disease Control and Prevention, ADPH. Approximately half of the ill people are not up to date with all recommended vaccines. Some families have been identified as not vaccinating their children at all.
The number of pertussis cases in Alabama continues to increase. Immunization data reveals an increase from 151 reported cases in 2017, to 172 reported cases thus far in 2018. During vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks, Immunization Division staff contact those with PLI or positive lab results, educate families, assess vaccine status, and collect specimens for testing, when appropriate.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the only prevention against pertussis disease is DTaP or Tdap vaccine. All family members should be up to date on all CDC, Advisory Committee of Immunization Practices (ACIP), and American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended vaccine. Pregnant women should be vaccinated with Tdap during each pregnancy as a way to protect infants.
For more information on signs and symptoms of pertussis, or vaccination information, please visit alabamapublichealth.gov/immunization and the division’s Facebook page Alabama Immunization Info at facebook.com/AlabamaImmunizationInfo.
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ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH
RSA Tower 201 Monroe Street, Suite 910, Montgomery, AL 36104
Phone: (334) 206-5300 | Fax: (334) 206-5520