Outbreaks

Notifiable Disease reporters must report "Outbreaks of any kind" and "Cases of potential public health importance" to the Infectious Diseases & Outbreaks Division within 24 hours, see REPORT Notifiable Diseases. An outbreak is defined as two or more similarly ill persons who live in different households and have a common exposure. A case of potential public health importance is determined by the reporting healthcare provider. To report an outbreak or a case of public health importance, submit a REPORT Card. Underlined diseases link to one-page flyer for educational purposes.

Alabama Cluster and Outbreak Investigations

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017***

Acinetobacter*

0

1

0

1

0

Campylobacter

0

0

2

2

0

Chikungunya

0

2

0

0

0

Clostridium difficile*

0

1

0

1

1

Cryptosporidium

2

1

3

5

0

Enterovirus*

0

0

0

0

1

Conjunctivitis (Pink eye)

0

0

1

7

8

Coxsackievirus* (Hand, Foot, and Mouth)

2

1

21

12

17

Dengue

1

0

0

0

0

Epstein-Barr virus*

0

1

2

1

0

Fifth Disease*

1

1

2

0

1

Head Lice*

0

1

17

22

13

Hepatitis A

0

1

0

0

0

Hepatitis B

0

0

0

1

0

Impetigo*

2

2

5

3

2

Influenza*

11

25

40

38

55

Influenza-like illness (ILI)*

9

4

15

5

2

Klebsiella*

0

1

0

0

0

Legionella

2

5

0

0

0

Molluscum contagiosium*

0

0

1

0

0

Multi-organism*

2

1

1

1

4

Norovirus*

25

16

26

41

20

Pseudomonas*

0

0

0

1

0

Ringworm*

0

1

0

1

0

Rotavirus*

0

0

2

0

0

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)*

0

0

2

5

0

Salmonella

2

1

4

4

0

Sapovirus*

0

0

0

2

0

Scabies*

6

11

11

18

13

Shigella

2

7

18

3

1

Strep throat/ Group A Streptococcus

0

0

3

17

18

TASS

0

0

1

0

0

Toxin

1

0

2

1

1

Unknown Gastrointestinal

13

22

37

37

17

Unknown Respiratory

2

4

5

3

2

Unknown Skin

1

3

3

1

1

Varicella

0

0

1

0

0

Total Outbreaks**

84

113

225

233

177

*Not a reportable disease, but reportable as an outbreak
**Does not include multi-state outbreaks in which exposure was outside Alabama, see PulseNet below
***As of 10/03/2017

PulseNet Multistate Clusters/Outbreaks with Alabama Cases

PulseNet connects foodborne illness cases together, using DNA "fingerprinting" from stool specimens, to detect and define outbreaks across state lines. In 2014, Alabama has confirmed cases in 23 multistate clusters/outbreaks. The organism for all clusters/outbreaks detected are Salmonella, E. coli or Listeria. The suspected sources include, but are not limited to, frozen rodents, live baby poultry, reptiles, livestock, and raw chicken.

Additional Outbreak Resources


Page last updated: October 4, 2017