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Prescription drug abuse is a problem. See yourself as part of the solution.
If you have ever shared your prescription medication with a co-worker, family member, classmate, or friend, you may be part of the prescription drug abuse problem.
How big a problem is prescription drug abuse?
- Each year, 15 million people abuse prescription drugs, which is second only to marijuana as the most abused illegal drug.
- 70% of people who use or misuse prescription drugs get them from a friend or a relative.
- Every day, 2,500 kids aged 12-17 abuse a prescription painkiller for the first time.
- 2 out of 5 teens have abused either prescription pain medication or stimulants and tranquilizers.
Table of Contents
- Help is Available
- Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse
- What You Can Do to Prevent Drug Misuse and Abuse
- Common Signs of Drug Abuse
- Take the CAGE Test
- Did You Know?
- Radio and Television Public Service Announcements
- National Awareness Programs
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Treatment Facility Locator
Council on Substance Abuse - NCADD
Call 1-800-SOBER90 (76237) or visit www.cosancadd.org.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Drug Disposal: What you should know!
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- Prescription drug misuse is taking a medication in a manner other than that prescribed or for a different condition than for which the medication was prescribed.
- Prescription drug abuse is the intentional and inappropriate use of prescription drugs for purposes other than that prescribed, or in a manner or in quantities other than directed.
- Abuse of prescription drugs stems from the ease of availability, the lack of stigma associated with street drugs, and the false belief they are safe to use.
- Download educational material on prescription drug misuse and abuse
- Never share prescription medication.
- Never accept prescription medication that is not prescribed by your doctor.
- When visiting the doctor, provide a complete medical history and a description of the reason for the visit to ensure that the doctor understands the complaint and can prescribe appropriate medication.
- Keep your doctor informed about all medications you are taking, including over-the-counter medications.
- Take your medication(s) as prescribed. Follow the directions for use carefully.
- Read the information your pharmacist provides before starting to take medications to learn about the effects that the drug could have, especially during the first few days when your body is adapting to the medication.
- Ask your doctor or pharmacist about your medication, especially if you are unsure about its effects and to be aware of potential interactions with other drugs.
- Do not increase or decrease doses or abruptly stop taking a drug without first consulting a health care provider. Never use another person's prescription.
- Changes in attendance at work or school.
- Change from normal capabilities. Poor physical appearance, including inattention to dress and personal hygiene.
- Wearing sunglasses constantly or at inappropriate times to hide dilated or constricted pupils but also to compensate for the effect of some drugs on the eye's inability to adjust to sunlight.
- Unusual effort to cover arms to hide needle marks.
- Association with known drug users.
- Stealing items which can be readily sold for cash (to support a drug habit).
Assessing Prescription Drug Use Problems - Four Simple Questions
- Have you ever felt the need to Cut down on your use of prescription drugs?
- Have you ever felt Annoyed by remarks your friends or loved ones made about your use of prescription drugs?
- Have you ever felt Guilty or remorseful about your use of prescription drugs?
- Have you Ever used prescription drugs as a way to "get going" or to "calm down?"
Two or more affirmative answers may indicate probable drug addiction. Any single affirmative answer deserves further evaluation. Please discuss the results with your doctor or other health care professional.
Adapted from Ewing, J.A. "Detecting Alcoholism: The CAGE Questionnaire." Journal of the American Medical Association 252 (14):1905-1907, 1984.
- Older patients are more likely to be prescribed long-term and multiple prescriptions, which could lead to unintentional misuse.
- Youth who use other drugs are more likely to abuse prescription medications.
- Young teens are statistically more likely to abuse only prescription drugs.
- Studies suggest that women are more likely than men to be prescribed an abusable prescription drug, particularly narcotics and antianxiety drugs. Research has shown that women are at increased risk for nonmedical use of narcotic drugs.
- Substance abuse and addiction cost billions in health care dollars each year. To that, add the costs of lost productivity, law enforcement, criminal case processing, incarceration, countless ruined lives, and premature death.
Don't be part of the problem. Take only what's prescribed and don't share! Watch or listen to the following public service announcements.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse
- National Recovery Month (SAMHSA)
- The Partnership at DrugFree.org
- Information for Consumers (FDA)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- PDMP Training and Technical Assistance Center
- National Survey on Drug Use and Health (SAMHSA)
- U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA)
Page last updated: July 21, 2017