Avoid the Bite
Reducing Mosquito Exposure
Many mosquitoes are most active in the early mornings and early evenings around dusk (for example, Culex quinquefasciatus, the mosquito that vectors West Nile Virus). Some mosquitoes, such as the tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) and the yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti) are active during the day as well. Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti are vectors of Zika, dengue, and chikungunya viruses.) Staying indoors is one way to eliminate exposure, but it is not always practical. If this is not possible, take the following precautions:
- Wear long sleeves and long pants when possible.
- Wear loose fitting, light colored clothes to retain less heat, making you less attractive to mosquitoes.
- Spray clothing with repellants containing premethrin or DEET (diethyl toluamide).
- Apply inspect repellant sparingly on skin, avoiding the eyes, lips and nasal membranes.
- Always follow label instructions when applying repellants.
- Visit Repellent Use and Safety for the CDC's guidelines for repellent use.
- Prevent mosquitoes from entering your home by keeping window and door screens in good repair.
- Eliminate breeding sites before mosquitoes become a problem.
- Areas with Zika (within the U.S.)
- Zika Travel Information (International Destinations and U.S. territories)
- Response to Zika: Enjoy Your Vacation (CDC)
- Learn How To Reduce Your Exposure to Mosquitoes (ADPH)
- Mosquito Bite Prevention (2.9 MB) | en Español (3.4 MB) (ADPH)
- Mosquito Bite Prevention for Travelers (2.8 MB) | en Español (3 MB) (ADPH)
- Help Control Mosquitoes that Spread Dengue, Chikungunya, and Zika Viruses (7.4 MB) | en Español (6.8 MB) (ADPH)
- Pregnant? Protect Yourself from Mosquito Bites | en Español (ADPH)
- Pregnant? Read This Before You Travel (2 MB) (ADPH)
- Protect Yourself from Mosquito Bites (CDC)
- Sick with Chikungunya, Dengue or Zika? (CDC)
- Find the Insect Repellent that is Right for You (EPA)
- Protecting Children from Mosquito Bites at Camp (CDC)
- Protecting Camp Staff and Campers from Mosquito Bites (CDC)
Page last updated: September 16, 2019